Gorbachev-Bush Artificial Clouds Institute @NewRuskinCollege.com
Dr. Ken Caldeira's Papers on Artificial Clouds & Carbon Mgmt.
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Report 2-10-2015
The Gorbachev-Bush Artificial Clouds Letters
Moynihan
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Dr. Hansen Says Yes!
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Dr. Teller's Paper on Artificial Clouds
Dr. Teller's 2nd Paper
Dr. Crutzen's and Dr. Wigley's Papers on Artificial Clouds
SuperFreakenomics
Dr. Ken Caldeira's Papers on Artificial Clouds & Carbon Mgmt.
Dr. Gregory Benford's Paper on Artificial Clouds
Clouds
SUN, COSMIC RAYS, & CLIMATE CHANGE
Earths Bio Response
Abrupt Climate Change: Oceans
Abrupt Climate Change: Permafrost
Macro Engineering: Climate
Remediation: Artificial Clouds
Remediation: Nuclear Power
Remediation: Forests, Plankton, Sequestration
Remediation: Bio Technology
Politics and Technology
Ethanol Fraud
Geo Engineering: Venice
Geo Engineering: Mississippi Delta
Geo Engineering: ! Save Earth!

See Ken Caldeira in group discussion of geoengineering.

See Google Tech Talk on GeoEngineering

 

Climate and Carbon Cycle
                           Modeling Group (CCCM)

Staff Directory: Dr. Ken Caldeira

Dr. Ken Caldeira

Dr. Ken Caldeira
Climate and Carbon Cycle Modeling Group

Atmospheric Science Division
P.O. Box 808, L-103
Livermore, CA 94551-0808

Tel: 925-423-4191
Fax: 925-422-6388
e-mail: kenc@llnl.gov

General Research Interests
  • Global carbon cycle
  • Marine biogeochemical cycles
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Climate
  • Numerical simulation of climate and chemistry
  • Chemical oceanography
  • Energy policy
  • Long-term evolution of EarthÝs climate and geochemical cycles
  • Publications

    Caldeira, K., and M.E. Wickett, Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH (download PDF), Nature 425, 325-325, 2003.

    Caldeira K, Jain, A.K., Hoffert, M.I., Climate sensitivity uncertainty and the need for energy without CO2 emission (download PDF), Science, 299, 2052-2054, 2003.

    Govindasamy, B., K. Caldeira and P.B. Duffy, Geoengineering Earth's radiation balance to mitigate climate change from a quadrupling of CO2 (download PDF). Global and Planetary Change 37, 157-168 (2003)

    Herzog, H.J., Caldeira, K., and Reilly, J., An issue of permanence: Assessing the effectiveness of temporary carbon storage (download PDF). Climatic Change, in press (2003).

    Hoffert, M.I., K. Caldeira, G. Benford, D.R. Criswell, C. Green, H. Herzog, J.W. Katzenberger, H.S. Kheshgi, K.S. Lackner, J.S. Lewis, W. Manheimer, J.C. Mankins, G. Marland, M.E. Mauel, L.J. Perkins, M.E. Schlesinger, T. Volk, and T.M.L. Wigley, Planning for future energy resources - Response (download PDF), Science 300, 582-584, 2003.

    Ridgwell, A,J,, M.J. Kennedy, and K. Caldeira, Carbonate deposition, climate stability, and Neoproterozoic ice ages (download PDF), Science 302, 859-862, 2003.

    Wickett, M.E., K. Caldeira and P.B. Duffy, High-resolution simulations of oceanic direct-injection of anthropogenic CO2 and CFC uptake (download PDF), Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans), 108, art. no. 3189, 2003.

    Wigley T, Caldeira K, Hoffert M, Santer B, Schlesinger M, Schneider S, Trenberth K, Climate Research, Issues in Science and Technology, 19, 5-6, 2003.

    Caldeira, K., What has posterity done for us? It's not the point (letter), Nature 420 (download PDF), 605-605, 2002.

    Caldeira, K., M.E. Wickett, and P.B. Duffy. Depth, radiocarbon and the effectiveness of direct CO2 injection as an ocean carbon sequestration strategy (download PDF). Geophysical Research Letters, Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2001GL014234, 2002.

    Duffy, P.B., M.E. Wickett, and K. Caldeira, Effect of horizontal grid resolution on the near-equilibrium solution of a global ocean/sea-ice model (download PDF), Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans), 10.1029/2000JC000658, 2002.

    Dutay, J.-C., J.L. Bullister, S.C. Doney, J.C. Orr, R. Najjar, K. Caldeira, J.-M. Champin, H. Drange, M. Follows, Y. Gao, N. Gruber, M.W. Hecht, A. Ishida, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, G. Madec, E. Maier-Reimer, J.C. Marshall, R.J. Matear, P. Monfray, G.-K. Plattner, J. Sarmiento, R. Schlitzer, R. Slater, I.J. Totterdell, M.-F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka, and A. Yool, Evaluation of ocean model ventilation with CFC-11: comparison of 13 global ocean models (download PDF). Ocean Modelling 4, 89-120, 2002.

    Govindasamy, B., S. Thompson, P. Duffy, K. Caldeira and C. Delire, Impact of geoengineering schemes on the terrestrial biosphere (download PDF). Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2002GL015911, 2002.

    Hoffert, M.I., K. Caldeira, G. Benford, D.R. Criswell, C. Green, H. Herzog, J.W. Katzenberger, H.S. Kheshgi, K.S. Lackner, J.S. Lewis, W. Manheimer, J.C. Mankins, G. Marland, M.E. Mauel, L.J. Perkins, M.E. Schlesinger, T. Volk, and T.M.L. Wigley, Advanced technology paths to global climate stability: Energy for a greenhouse planet (download PDF), Science 295, 981-987, 2002.

    Lutz, M., R.L. Dunbar, and K. Caldeira, Regional variability in the vertical flux of particulate organic carbon in the ocean interior (download PDF), Global Biogeogeochemical Cycles 16, U91-U110, 2002.

    Pagani, M., K. H. Freeman, N. Ohkouchi, and K. Caldeira, Comparison of water column [CO2aq ] with sedimentary alkenone-based estimates: A test of the alkenone-CO2 proxy (download PDF), Paleoceanography, 17(4), 1069, doi:10.1029/2002PA000756, 2002.

    Randerson, J.T., I.G. Enting, E.A.G. Schuur, K. Caldeira, and I.Y. Fung, Seasonal and spatial dynamics of troposphere É14CO2: Post bomb contributions from fossil fuels, oceans, the stratosphere, and the terrestrial biosphere (download PDF), Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10.1029/2002GB001876, 2002.

    Rau, G.H., and K. Caldeira, Minimizing effects of CO2 storage in oceans (letter) (download PDF). Science 276, 275-276, 2002.

    Herzog, H., K. Caldeira and E. Adams, Carbon Sequestration via Direct Injection (download PDF). In J H Steele, S A Thorpe and K K Turekian (eds) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Vol. 1, pp 408 - 414. London, UK: Academic Press, 2001.

    Govindasamy, B., P.B. Duffy, and K. Caldeira, Land use changes and Northern Hemisphere cooling (download PDF), Geophysical Research Letters 28, 291-294, 2001.

    Caldeira, K., and P.B. Duffy, The role of the Southern Ocean in uptake and storage of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (download PDF), Science 287, 620-622, 2000.

    Caldeira, K., and G.H. Rau, Accelerating carbonate dissolution to sequester carbon dioxide in the ocean: Geochemical implications (download PDF), Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 225-228, 2000.

    Govindasamy, B., and Caldeira, K., Geoengineering EarthÝs radiation balance to mitigate CO2-induced climate change (download PDF), Geophysical Research Letters 27 , 2141-2144. 2000.

    Guilderson, T.P., K. Caldeira, and P.B. Duffy, Radiocarbon as a diagnostic tracer in ocean and carbon cycle modeling, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14, 887-902, 2000.

    Duffy, P.B., and Caldeira, K.G. Sensitivity of simulated salinities in a three dimensional ocean general circulation model to vertical mixing of destabilizing surface fluxes, Climate Dynamics v. 15, 81-88, 1999.

    Hoffert, M.I, Caldeira, K., Covey, C., Duffy, P.B., and Santer, B., Solar variability and anthropogenic climate change (reply) (download PDF), Nature 401, 764-764, 1999.

    Kerrick, D.M., and Caldeira, K., Was the Himalayan orogen a climatically-significant coupled source and sink for atmospheric CO2 during the Cenozoic? (download PDF) Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 173, 195-203, 1999.

    Rau, G.H., and Caldeira, K. Enhanced carbonate dissolution: A means of sequestering waste CO2 as ocean bicarbonate (download PDF). Energy Conversion and Management 40, 1803-1813, 1999.

    Caldeira, K., and R.A. Berner, The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle: Reply (download PDF), Geology 26, 478-478, 1998.

    Caldeira, K., and P.B. Duffy, Sensitivity of simulated CFC-11 distributions in a global ocean model to the treatment of salt rejected during sea-ice formation, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 1003-1006, 1998.

    Caldeira, K., G.H. Rau, and P.B. Duffy, Predicted net efflux of radiocarbon from the ocean and increase in atmospheric radiocarbon content (download PDF), Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3811-3814, 1998.

    Kerrick, D.M. and K. Caldeira, Metamorphic CO2 degassing from orogenic belts (download PDF), Chem. Geol. 145, 213-232, 1998.

    Hoffert, M.I., Caldeira, K., Jain, A.K., Haites, E.F., and others. Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content (download PDF). Nature 395, 881-884, 1998.

    Stephens, B.B., Keeling, R.F., Sarmiento, J., Six, K., Murnane, R., and K. Caldeira, Atmospheric oxygen as a test of ocean carbon cycle models, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12, 213-230, 1998.

    Berner, R.A., and K. Caldeira, The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle, Geology 25, 955-956, 1997.

    Duffy, P. B., and K. Caldeira, Sensitivity of simulated salinity in a three-dimensional ocean model to upper-ocean transport of salt from sea-ice formation, Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 1323-1326, 1997.

    Duffy, P.B., K. Caldeira, J. Selvaggi, and M.I. Hoffert, Effect of subgrid scale mixing parameterizations on simulated distributions of natural 14C, temperature, and salinity in a three-dimensional ocean general circulation model, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 27, 498-523, 1997.

    Wehner, M.F., P.G. Eltgroth, A.A. Mirin, P.B. Duffy, K.G. Caldeira, J.H. Bolstad, H. Wang, C.M. Matarazzo and U. Creach, Comprehensive climate system modeling on massively parallel computers, Mission Earth: Modeling and Simulation for a Sustainable Global System, 37-42, M.G. Clymer and C.R. Mechoso, eds., Society for Computer Simulation International, San Diego, California, 1997.

    Caldeira, K., Late Permian extinctions (corr.), Science 274, 1550-1551, 1996.

    Caldeira, K., IPCC report, chapter and verse (corr.), Nature 383, 214-214, 1996.

    Caldeira, K., Long-term control of atmospheric carbon dioxide: low temperature sea-floor alteration or terrestrial silicate-rock weathering?, Am. J. Sci. 295, 1077-1114, 1995.

    Duffy, P.B., and K. Caldeira, A three-dimensional model calculation of ocean uptake of bomb 14C and implications for the global budget of bomb 14C, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9, 373-375, 1995.

    Duffy, P.B., P. Eltgroth, A. J. Bourgeois, and K. Caldeira, Effect of improved subgrid scale transport of tracers on uptake of bomb radiocarbon in the GFDL ocean general circulation model (download PDF), Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1065-1068, 1995.

    Kerrick, D.M., M.A. McKibbon, T.M. Seward, and K. Caldeira, Convective hydrothermal CO2 emissions from high heat flow regions (download PDF), Chem. Geology 121, 285-293, 1995.

    Kerrick, D.M. and K. Caldeira, Post-125 Ma carbon storage associated with continent-continent collision (comment). Geology 22, 381-382, 1994.

    Rampino, M.R. and K. Caldeira, The Goldilocks problem: climatic evolution and long-term habitability of terrestrial planets, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 32, 83-114, 1994.

    Caldeira, K., Arthur, M.A., Berner, R.A. and Lasaga, A.C., Cooling in the late Cenozoic (sci. corr.), Nature 361, 123-124, 1993.

    Caldeira, K. and J.F. Kasting, Insensitivity of global warming potentials to carbon dioxide emission scenarios, Nature 366, 251-253, 1993.

    Caldeira, K. and M.R. Rampino, Aftermath of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction ˇ possible biogeochemical stabilization of the carbon cycle and climate (download PDF), Paleoceanography 8, 515-525, 1993.

    Kerrick, D.M. and K. Caldeira, Paleoatmospheric consequences of CO2 released during Eocene regional metamorphism in the Tethyan orogen, Chem. Geology 108, 201-230, 1993.

    Rampino, M.R. and Caldeira, K., Major episodes of geologic change - correlations, time structure and possible causes., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 114, 215-227, 1993.

    Caldeira, K., Enhanced Cenozoic chemical weathering and the subduction of pelagic carbonate, Nature 357, 578-581, 1992.

    Caldeira, K. and Kasting, J.F., Life span of the biosphere revisited, Nature 360, 721-723, 1992.

    Caldeira, K. and Kasting, J.F., Susceptibility of the early Earth to irreversible glaciation caused by CO2 clouds, Nature 359, 226-228, 1992.

    Caldeira, K. and Rampino, M.R., Mount Etna CO2 may affect climate (sci. corr.), Nature 355, 401-402, 1992.

    Rampino, M.R. and Caldeira, K., Antipodal hotspots on the Earth, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 2011-2014, 1992.

    Rampino, M.R. and Caldeira, K., Episodes of terrestrial geological activity during the past 260 million years: A quantitative approach, Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy 54, 143-159, 1992.

    Caldeira, K., Evolutionary pressures on planktonic dimethylsulfide production, in, Schneider, S.H. and Boston, P., eds., Scientists on Gaia, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 153-158, 1991.

    Caldeira, K., Continental-pelagic carbonate partitioning and the global carbonate-silicate cycle, Geology 19, 204-206, 1991.

    Caldeira, K. and Rampino, M.R., The mid-Cretaceous super plume, carbon dioxide, and global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 987-990, 1991.

    Caldeira, K. and Rampino, M.R., Carbon dioxide emissions from Deccan volcanism and a K/T boundary greenhouse effect, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 1299-1302, 1990.

    Caldeira, K., Evolutionary pressures on planktonic production of atmospheric sulphur, Nature 337, 632-634, 1989.

    Education
  • Ph.D., New York University, Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Applied Science
  • M.S., New York University, Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Applied Science
  • B.A., Rutgers College. (Major: Philosophy. Minor: Mathematics)
  • Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO 2 content
    MI Hoffert, K Caldeira, AK Jain, EK Haites, LDD … - Nature, 1998 - nature.com
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Text) (UNEP/WMO, Climate
    Change Secretariat, Geneva, 1992). ... Leggett, J. et al. in Climatic ...
    Cited by 58 - Web Search - csa.com

    Advanced technology paths to global climate stability- Energy for a greenhouse planet
    MI Hoffert, K Caldeira, G Benford, DR Criswell, C … - Science, 2002 - nrel.gov
    Stabilizing the carbon dioxide–induced component of climate change is an
    energy problem. Establishment of a course toward such stabilization will ...
    Cited by 54 - View as HTML - Web Search - energy.ca.gov - animana.org - www-ferp.ucsd.edu - all 34 versions ╗

    The life span of the biosphere revisited
    KEN Caldeira, J KASTING, KEN CALDEIRA, J KASTING - Nature, 1992 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
    A decade ago, Lovelock and Whitfield raised the question of how much longer the
    biosphere can survive on Earth. They pointed out that, despite the current ...
    Cited by 45 - Web Search - csa.com

    The role of the Southern Ocean in uptake and storage of anthropogenic carbon dioxide
    K Caldeira, PB Duffy - Science, 2000 - sciencemag.org
    An ocean-climate model that shows high fluxes of anthropogenic carbon dioxide
    into the Southern Ocean, but very low storage of anthropogenic carbon ...
    Cited by 33 - Web Search - usjgofs.whoi.edu - en-env.llnl.gov - dx.doi.org - all 7 versions ╗

    Susceptibility of the early Earth to irreversible glaciation caused by carbon dioxide clouds
    KEN Caldeira, J KASTING - Nature, 1992 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
    Simple energy-balance climate models of the Budyko/Sellers type predict that a
    small (2-5%) decrease in solar output could result in runaway glaciation on ...
    Cited by 30 - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Effects of subgrid-scale mixing parameterizations on simulated distributions of natural 14 C, …
    PB Duffy, K Caldeira, J Selvaggi, MI Hoffert - J. Phys. Oceanogr, 1997 - ams.allenpress.com
    The effects of parameterizations of subgrid-scale mixing on simulated
    distributions of natural 14 C, temperature, and salinity in a ...
    Cited by 29 - Web Search

    Climate sensitivity uncertainty and the need for energy without CO 2 emission
    K Caldeira, AK Jain, MI Hoffert - Science, 2003 - sciencemag.org
    The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change calls for "stabilization of
    greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous ...
    Cited by 24 - Web Search - dx.doi.org - adsabs.harvard.edu - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - all 6 versions ╗

    An issue of permanence: assessing the effectiveness of temporary carbon storage
    HJ Herzog, K Caldeira, JM Reilly - Climatic Change, 2003 - kluweronline.com
    Abstract. In this paper, we present a method to quantify the effectiveness of
    carbon mitigation options taking into account the ‘permanence’ of the ...
    Cited by 22 - Web Search - sequestration.mit.edu - eed.llnl.gov - hdl.handle.net - all 10 versions ╗

    The mid-Cretaceous super plume, carbon dioxide, and global warming
    KEN CALDEIRA, M RAMPINO - Geophysical Research Letters, 1991 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
    Carbon-dioxide releases associated with a mid-Cretaceous super plume and the
    emplacement of the Ontong-Java Plateau have been suggested as a principal ...
    Cited by 21 - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Testing global ocean carbon cycle models using measurements of atmospheric O 2 and CO 2 …
    BB Stephens, RF Keeling, M Heimann, KD Six, R … - Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 1998 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    We present a method for testing the performance of global ocean carbon cycle
    models using measurements of atmospheric O 2 and CO 2 concentration. We ...
    Cited by 18 - Web Search

    E

    Accelerating carbonate dissolution to sequester carbon dioxide in the ocean: Geochemical …
    K Caldeira, GH Rau - Geophysical Research Letters, 2000 - geol.ucsb.edu
    ... Geochemical implications Ken Caldeira DOE Center for Research on Ocean Carbon
    Sequestration, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California USA ...
    Cited by 17 - View as HTML - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH
    K Caldeira, ME Wickett - Nature, 2003 - nature.com
    M ost carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a result of the burn- ing
    of fossil fuels will eventually be absorbed by the ocean 1 , with ...
    Cited by 14 - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - csa.com

    [CITATION] Convective hydrothermal CO 2 emission from high heat flow regions
    DM Kerrick, MA McKibben, TM Seward, K Caldeira - Chem. Geol, 1995
    Cited by 12 - Web Search

    Sensitivity of simulated CFC-11 distributions in a global ocean model to the treatment of salt …
    K Caldeira, PB Duffy - Geophysical Research Letters, 1998 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Sensitivity of simulated CFC-11 distributions in a global ocean model to
    the treatment of salt rejected during sea-ice formation Authors: Caldeira, Ken ...
    Cited by 12 - Web Search - csa.com

    Geoengineering Earth’s radiation balance to mitigate CO 2-induced climate change
    B Govindasamy, K Caldeira - Geophys. Res. Lett, 2000 - agu.org
    To counteract anthropogenic climate change, several schemes have been proposed
    to diminish solar radiation incident on Earth’s surface. These ...
    Cited by 11 - Cached - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Major episodes of geologic change- Correlations, time structure and possible causes
    M RAMPINO, KEN CALDEIRA - Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1993 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Major episodes of geologic change: correlations, time structure and possible
    causes Authors: Rampino, Michael R.; Caldeira, Ken Affiliation: AA(), AB ...
    Cited by 11 - Web Search - csa.com

    The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle
    RA Berner, K Caldeira - Geology, 1997 - geology.geoscienceworld.org
    ... The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle. Robert
    A. Berner, and Ken Caldeira Yale University, Department ...
    Cited by 10 - Web Search

    Predicted net efflux of radiocarbon from the ocean and increase in atmospheric radiocarbon content
    K Caldeira, GH Rau, PB Duffy - Geophysical Research Letters, 1998 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Predicted net efflux of radiocarbon from the ocean and increase in atmospheric
    radiocarbon content Authors: Caldeira, Ken; Rau, Greg H.; Duffy, Philip B ...
    Cited by 9 - Web Search - csa.com

    [CITATION] Metamorphic CO 2 degassing from orogenic belts
    DM Kerrick, K Caldeira - Chem. Geol, 1998
    Cited by 8 - Web Search

    Aftermath of the end-cretaceous mass extinction-possible biogeochemical stabilization of the …
    K Caldeira, MR Rampino - Paleoceanography, 1993 - eed.llnl.gov
    Abstract. In the aftermath of the Cretaceous/ Tertiary (K/T) boundary event (65
    my ago), pelagic carbonate productivity was greatly reduced for several ...
    Cited by 8 - View as HTML - Web Search - en-env.llnl.gov - adsabs.harvard.edu

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    Evolutionary pressures on planktonic production of atmospheric sulphur
    KEN Caldeira… - Nature, 1989 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Evolutionary pressures on planktonic production of atmospheric sulphur Authors:
    Caldeira, Ken Affiliation: AA(New York University, NY) Journal: Nature ...
    Cited by 7 - Web Search - csa.com

    Carbon dioxide emissions from Deccan volcanism and a K/T boundary greenhouse effect
    KEN CALDEIRA, M RAMPINO - Geophysical Research Letters, 1990 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Carbon dioxide emissions from Deccan volcanism and a K/T boundary greenhouse
    effect Authors: Caldeira, Ken; Rampino, Michael R. Affiliation: AA(New York ...
    Cited by 7 - Web Search - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - csa.com

    Predicting and evaluating the effectiveness of ocean carbon sequestration by direct injection
    K Caldeira, HJ Herzog, ME Wickett - Proceedings of First National Conference on Carbon …, 2001 - netl.doe.gov
    ... by Ken Caldeira*, Howard J. Herzog † , and Michael E. Wickett* DOE Center for Research
    on Ocean Carbon Sequestration (DOCS) *Climate and Carbon Cycle ...
    Cited by 6 - View as HTML - Web Search - sequestration.mit.edu - mfnl.xjtu.edu.cn - eng.warwick.ac.uk - all 5 versions ╗

    Episodes of terrestrial geologic activity during the past 260 million years- A quantitative approach
    M RAMPINO, KEN CALDEIRA - Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy, 1992 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Records of major geologic events of the past about 260 Myr including: biologic
    extinction events, ocean-anoxic and black-shale events, major changes in ...
    Cited by 6 - Web Search - csa.com

    Regional variability in the vertical flux of particulate organic carbon in the ocean interior
    M Lutz, R Dunbar, K Caldeira - Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2002 - eed.llnl.gov
    Ken Caldeira Climate System Modeling Group, Lawrence Livermore National
    Laboratory, Livermore, California, USA Received 11 December 2000; revised ...
    Cited by 6 - View as HTML - Web Search - en-env.llnl.gov - eed.llnl.gov - adsabs.harvard.edu - all 5 versions ╗

    Carbon sequestration via direct injection
    HJ Herzog, K Caldeira, E Adams - Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences - netl.doe.gov
    The build-up of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and other greenhouse gases in the
    Earth’s atmosphere has caused concern about possible global climate ...
    Cited by 6 - View as HTML - Web Search - sequestration.mit.edu

    Depth, radiocarbon, and the effectiveness of direct CO 2 injection as an ocean carbon sequestration …
    K Caldeira, ME Wickett, PB Duffy - Geophysical Research Letters, 2002 - eed.llnl.gov
    Received 24 October 2001; accepted 28 May 2002; published 20 August 2002. [ 1 ]
    If radiocarbon were a good predictor of the amount of time until a water ...
    Cited by 5 - View as HTML - Web Search - en-env.llnl.gov - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Comparison of water column [CO 2aq] with sedimentary alkenone-based estimates: A test of the …
    M Pagani, KH Freeman, N Ohkouchi, K Caldeira - Paleoceanography, 2002 - en-env.llnl.gov
    Received 10 January 2002; revised 19 April 2002; accepted 27 June 2002;
    published 18 December 2002. [ 1 ] The stable carbon isotopic compositions ...
    Cited by 4 - View as HTML - Web Search - eed.llnl.gov - adsabs.harvard.edu

    The Goldilocks Problem: Climatic Evolution and Long-Term Habitability of Terrestrial Planets
    MR Rampino, K Caldeira - Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1994 - astro.annualreviews.org
    ... York 10003 Ken Caldeira Global Climate Research Division, Lawrence Livermore
    National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 KEY ...
    Cited by 4 - Web Search - astro.annualreviews.org - adsabs.harvard.edu - csa.com

    Continental-pelagic carbonate partitioning and the global carbonate-silicate cycle
    K Caldeira - Geology, 1991 - geology.geoscienceworld.org
    ... Continental-pelagic carbonate partitioning and the global carbonate-silicate cycle.
    Ken Caldeira NY Univ., Earth Syst. Group, New York, NY, United States. ...
    Cited by 4 - Web Search - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

    Seawater pH and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
    K Caldeira, R Berner - Science, 1999 - sciencemag.org
    Pearson and Palmer used boron isotopes to infer paleo-ocean pH, and then used
    this paleo-pH proxy to estimate paleo-atmospheric pCO 2 under the ...
    Cited by 3 - Web Search - sciencemag.org - en-env.llnl.gov - eed.llnl.gov

    Carbonate deposition, climate stability, and Neoproterozoic ice ages
    AJ Ridgwell, MJ Kennedy, K Caldeira, D Archer - Science, 2003 - sciencemag.org
    The evolutionary success of planktic calcifiers during the Phanerozoic
    stabilized the climate system by introducing a new mechanism that acts to ...
    Cited by 3 - Web Search - sciencemag.org - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - csa.com

    THE GOSAC PROJECT TO PREDICT THE EFFICIENCY OF OCEAN CO 2 SEQUESTRATION USING 3-D OCEAN MODELS
    JC Orr, O Aumont, A Yool, GK Plattner, F Joos, E … - Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies--6th International …, 2003 - ipsl.jussieu.fr
    ... Joos 3 , Ernst Maier- Reimer 4 , Marie-France Weirig 5 , Reiner Schlitzer
    5 , Ken Caldeira 6 , Michael Wickett 6 , Richard Matear 7 ...
    Cited by 2 - View as HTML - Web Search - ieagreen.org.uk

    Antipodal hotspot pairs on the earth
    M RAMPINO, KEN CALDEIRA - Geophysical Research Letters, 1992 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Antipodal hotspot pairs on the earth Authors: Rampino, Michael R.; Caldeira,
    Ken Affiliation: AA(New York Univ.; NASA, Goddard Inst. ...
    Cited by 2 - Web Search - csa.com

    Too intelligent for our own good
    A Longhurst, K Caldeira - Nature, 1998 - nature.com
    In his Review Article in Nature, Timothy Lenton 2 did not discuss this most
    interesting aspect of Gaia — its current manifestation. I think it is now ...
    Cited by 2 - Web Search - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

    Chaotic obliquity variations and planetary habitability
    DM Williams, JF Kasting, K Caldeira - Circumstellar habitable zones, 1996 - adsabs.harvard.edu
    Title: Chaotic Obliquity Variations And Planetary Habitability Authors: Williams,
    Darren M.; Kasting, James F.; Caldeira, Ken Journal: Circumstellar Habitable ...
    Cited by 2 - Web Search

    Long-term ocean carbon sequestration with macronutrient addition
    ISF Jones, K Caldeira - Proc of this conference, 2003 - carbonsq.com
    Jc03y.doc, Second Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Washington, May,
    2003 ... Long-term ocean carbon sequestration with macronutrient addition
    Cited by 1 - View as HTML - Web Search

    Global warming: Solar variability and the Earth's climate
    MI HOFFERT, KEN CALDEIRA, C COVEY, PB DUFFY, BD … - Nature, 1999 - nature.com
    Global warming: Solar variability and the Earth's climate. MARTIN I. HOFFERT*, KEN
    CALDEIRA†, CURT COVEY†, PHILIP B. DUFFY† & BENJAMIN D. SANTER†. ...
    Cited by 1 - Web Search - adsabs.harvard.edu

    Ocean CO 2 Sequestration Efficiency from 3-D Ocean Model Comparison
    JC Orr, O Aumont, A Yool, K Plattner, F Joos, E … - 5th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control …, 2001 - ipsl.jussieu.fr
    ABSTRACT The efficiency of sequestering CO 2 artificially in the deep ocean is
    not well known. To estimate uncertainties, we made standard simulations in ...
    Cited by 11 - View as HTML - Web Search - awi-bremerhaven.de - climate.unibe.ch - quercus.igpp.ucla.edu - all 5 versions ╗

    Snowball Earth
    PF Hoffman, DP Schrag - Scientific American, 2000 - www-eps.harvard.edu
    Geology tells us that the Earth's climate is subject to change on various
    timescales, but what are the limits to climatic variability? Over the last ...
    Cited by 36 - Cached - Web Search

     

     
     
     
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